Symptoms of AIDS

AIDS and its symptoms: AIDS is caused by the HIV virus. AIDS cannot be cured and is fatal. There can be many years between infection with the HIV virus and the diagnosis of AIDS. Once AIDS has developed, there are a number of infectious diseases and other diseases and conditions that are common in AIDS patients.

What is AIDS?

AIDS is a contagious and often fatal infectious disease, caused by the virus HIV (Homan Immunodeficiency Virus). The HIV virus is spread through the exchange of bodily fluids such as blood and semen, but vaginal fluid and menstrual blood are also a source of infection. Someone who carries the HIV virus but does not yet show any symptoms is called seropositive. An infected person can infect other people with the virus.

The virus destroys the human immune system, making the patient very susceptible to often simple bacteria and viruses. The diagnosis of AIDS is made when the patient is infected with the HIV virus and has one or more infections or tumors. Below are the common infections and tumors that most commonly occur when AIDS occurs.

Skin abnormalities

Skin abnormalities, including infections or neoplasms, are commonly seen in AIDS patients. These skin abnormalities also occur in other patients, but to a lesser extent. What is striking is that the skin abnormalities in an AIDS patient develop quickly and quickly become larger and/or worsen.

The herpes simplex virus is commonly seen in AIDS patients and tends to heal less quickly or not at all. The herpes simplex virus (HSV) is one of the most common viruses in humans and causes, among other things, the well-known cold sore. Also, a type of this virus causes herpes around the genitals.

Seborrheic eczema also often occurs. This involves redness and flaking of the skin, accompanied by itching. This is mainly seen on the face and especially on the hairy scalp and between the eyebrows. Another skin condition is psoriasis. These skin conditions often respond well to treatment with hormone ointments. Scabies, and specifically Norvegica scabies, is commonly seen in people with AIDS.

A common form of cancer associated with AIDS is Kaposi’s sarcoma, or skin cancer. Epidemic Kaposi’s sarcoma occurs in 15 to 30 percent of all AIDS patients. It is caused by the Human herpes virus 8. Purplish-red to red-brown spots appear on the skin, especially on the legs. A tumor can also develop. The mouth may also be affected. Kaposi’s sarcoma is a very rare skin cancer that is often one of the first symptoms of AIDS, especially in AIDS patients.

Shingles occurs and often affects different parts of the body. Shingles is caused by the Herpes zoster virus. The symptoms are red spots on the skin and fluid-filled blisters.

Respiratory tract infections

Pneumonia is most common in AIDS patients. This is caused by the protozoan Pneumocystis carinii. Pneumonia should always be treated with antibiotics. If pneumonia is discovered too late, it can be fatal. Another form of pneumonia is that caused by the cytomegalovirus. Half of people have ever come into contact with this virus. This virus can also cause a brain tumor.

Another common respiratory disease is tuberculosis. The complaints are coughing and vomiting mucous blood. Tuberculosis that is not treated can be fatal.

Abnormalities in the central nervous system

Meningitis is more common in AIDS patients. These are caused by a virus. The symptoms are high fever, vomiting, drowsiness, severe headache, suddenly becoming very ill, hypersensitivity to light. Meningitis is reasonably to easily treatable, provided it is detected in time.

Inflammation of the eye often occurs in the form of retinal inflammation. This often causes tissue death. Retinal inflammation often also causes vessels elsewhere in the body to become inflamed. Over time, the patient’s vision deteriorates.

Other abnormalities that occur are disturbances in sensory functions, which can affect smell, taste, sight and hearing. A disorder can also occur that disrupts motor skills. This may cause trembling or an unsteady gait while walking. Forgetfulness and difficulty concentrating are also common.

The gastrointestinal tract

AIDS causes many infections of the gastrointestinal tract. Candida albicans is very common and is a fungal infection. This mainly occurs in the mouth but can also infect the esophagus. This may cause the patient to have difficulty swallowing.

Much more serious is intestinal inflammation caused by the protozoa Cryptosporidium and Isospora Belli. These are small parasites that have major consequences. The symptoms are very severe diarrhea with fluid loss and severe weight loss. This intestinal inflammation is very feared among AIDS patients.

Survival rate

When someone becomes infected with the HIV virus, the survival time without treatment is approximately ten years. With treatment, the survival time is approximately twenty years. After being diagnosed with AIDS, most patients die within five years. Half of the patients die after one and a half to two years. AIDS cannot be cured. However, approximately 1 percent of the white population appears to be immune to the HIV virus. Immunity to the SIV virus (related to the HIV virus) is more commonly seen in monkeys. So far, one patient has been cured of AIDS after stem cells were transferred into the bone marrow.

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  • Pneumonia or pneumonia
  • Transmission of HIV

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